Clinical Epidemiology and Ageing

Assessment of palliative care for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer in France: a prospective observational multicenter study (GFPC 0804 study).

Vergnenègre A, Hominal S, Tchalla AEdem, Bérard H, Monnet I, Fraboulet G, Baize N, Audigier-Valette C, Robinet G, Oliviero G, Le Caer H, Thomas P, Gérinière L, Mastroianni B, Chouaid C Lung Cancer. 2013;82(2):353-7.

INTRODUCTION: Few studies assessed, in real life, symptoms, specific interventions and factors influencing palliative care (PC) initiation for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The objective of this study was to examine, in a prospective cohort of advanced NSCLC patients, PC use and factors associated with early (≤3 months after diagnosis) PC initiation.

METHODS: It was an observational multicenter study. Each center included 10 consecutive patients with PC initiation.

RESULTS: 514 patients were enrolled by 39 centers (age: 62.3 ± 10.7 years, performance status: 0/1; 68.6% cases). At baseline, the most frequent symptoms concerned pain (43.6%), malnutrition (37%) and psychological disorders (25.3%). Specific interventions were infrequent for pain control and malnutrition, but were more numerous for psychological and social problems and terminal care. Median time between diagnosis and PC initiation was 35 [13-84] days, median PC duration was 4.2 [0.6-9.3] months. Median overall survival was 8.6 [6.6-10.7] months; median survival after PC initiation was 3.6 [3.2-4.5] months. In multivariate analysis, only PS ≥2 was linked to early PC.

CONCLUSION: This study showed that early PC initiation is not a standard for patients with advanced NSCLC.

MeSH terms: Aged; Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung; Combined Modality Therapy; Female; Follow-Up Studies; France; Humans; Lung Neoplasms; Male; Middle Aged; Palliative Care; Prognosis; Prospective Studies
DOI: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2013.07.014

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