Organ shortage leads to using non-optimal liver grafts. Thus, to determine the graft quality, the Donor Risk Index and the Eurotransplant Donor Risk Index have been proposed. In a previous study we showed that neither could be validated on the French database. Our aim was then dedicated to propose an adaptive Donor Quality Index (DQI) using data from 3961 liver transplantation (LT) performed in France between 2009 and 2013, with an external validation based on 1048 French LT performed in 2014. Using Cox models and three different methods of selection, we developed a new score and defined groups at risk. Model performance was assessed by means of three measures of discrimination corrected by the optimism using a bootstrap procedure. An external validation was also performed in order to evaluate its calibration and discrimination. Five donor covariates were retained: age, cause of death, intensive care unit stay, lowest MDRD creatinine clearance, and liver type. Three groups at risk could be discriminated. The performances of the model were satisfactory after internal validation. Calibration and discrimination were preserved in the external validation dataset. The DQI exhibited good properties and is potentially adaptive as an aid for better guiding decision making for LT.