Clinical Epidemiology and Ageing

Neuropsychiatric symptoms in elderly inpatients: a multicenter cross-sectional study.

Mézière A, Blachier M, Thomas S, Verny M, Herbaud S, Bouillanne O, Henry O, David J-P, Le Thuaut A, Canoui-Poitrine F, Paillaud E Dement Geriatr Cogn Dis Extra. 2013;3(1):123-30.

<p><b>BACKGROUND/AIMS: </b>We determined the prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in geriatric rehabilitation patients to compare neuropsychiatric symptoms between patients with and without dementia, and to evaluate associations linking severity of cognitive impairment and neuropsychiatric symptoms.</p><p><b>METHODS: </b>In February 2009, we studied patients aged 75 years or older who had been admitted to four geriatric rehabilitation units in the Paris area. The twelve Neuropsychiatric Inventory items and four neuropsychiatric subsyndromes defined by the European Alzheimer's Disease Consortium were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS: </b>Of the 194 patients, 149 (76.8%) had dementia, and 154 (79.4%) had exhibited at least one neuropsychiatric symptom during the past week. Agitation was the most common neuropsychiatric symptom in the group with dementia (36.9%) and depression in the group without dementia (35.6%). The dementia group had significantly higher prevalences of hyperactivity (p < 0.001) and delusions (p = 0.01) than the non-dementia group. In the dementia group, severity of cognitive impairment was associated with hyperactivity (p = 0.01) and psychosis (p = 0.02).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION: </b>The prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms among geriatric rehabilitation patients was high but not higher than in elderly outpatients.</p>

DOI: 10.1159/000350805

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