Clinical Epidemiology and Ageing

Efficacy of cefoxitin versus carbapenem in febrile male urinary tract infections caused by extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli: a multicenter retrospective cohort study with propensity score analysis.

Senard O, Lafaurie M, Lesprit P, Nguyen Y, Lescure X, Therby A, Fihman V, Oubaya N, Lepeule R Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2020;39(1):121-129.

Cefoxitin has demonstrated good in vitro activity against extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-Ec) and is regarded as a carbapenem-sparing beta-lactam alternative in urinary tract infections. Its efficacy has never been compared to carbapenems in male UTIs. Our study aimed to compare the clinical and microbiological efficacy of cefoxitin (FOX) and carbapenems (CP) in febrile M-UTI due to ESBL-Ec (F-M-UTI). We conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort study of patients with F-M-UTI treated with FOX or CP as definitive therapy, between January 2013 and June 2015, in six French acute care teaching hospitals. The clinical and microbiological efficacies of FOX and CP were compared using multivariable logistic regression models, adjusting for propensity scores. Of the 66 patients included, 23 patients in FOX group and 27 in CP group had clinical assessment at follow-up. Median follow-up after end of treatment was 63 days (interquartile range 26-114). Clinical success was observed for 17/23 (73.9%) and 22/27 (81.5%) patients and microbiological success for 11/19 (57.9%) and for 6/12 (50.0%) patients in FOX and CP groups respectively. We did not find any significant difference for clinical (OR = 0.90, 95% CI [0.12; 6.70]) neither microbiological (OR = 0.85, 95% CI [0.05; 14.00]) success between CP and FOX groups in univariate and multivariable models. In the FOX group, high dose with use of continuous infusion was associated with clinical success. These results add evidence that FOX is an effective alternative treatment to carbapenems for M-UTI caused by ESBL-Ec, particularly when high doses and continuous infusion are used.

MeSH terms: Aged; Anti-Bacterial Agents; beta-Lactamases; Carbapenems; Cefoxitin; Escherichia coli; Escherichia coli Infections; Fever; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Propensity Score; Retrospective Studies; Urinary Tract Infections
DOI: 10.1007/s10096-019-03701-0