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Clinical Epidemiology and Ageing

Th-17 Alloimmune Responses in Renal Allograft Biopsies From Recipients of Kidney Transplants Using Extended Criteria Donors During Acute T Cell-Mediated Rejection.

Matignon M, Aissat A, Canoui-Poitrine F, Grondin C, Pilon C, Desvaux D, Saadoun D, Barathon Q, Garrido M, Audard V, Remy P, Lang P, Cohen J, Grimbert P Am J Transplant. 2015;15(10):2718-25.

Although renal transplantation using expanded criteria donors has become a common practice, immune responses related to immunosenescence in those kidney allografts have not been studied yet in humans. We performed a retrospective molecular analysis of the T cell immune response in 43 kidney biopsies from patients with acute T cell-mediated rejection including 25 from recipients engrafted with a kidney from expanded criteria donor and 18 from recipients grafted with optimal kidney allograft. The clinical, transplant and acute T cell-mediated rejection characteristics of both groups were similar at baseline. The expression of RORγt, Il-17 and T-bet mRNA was significantly higher in the elderly than in the optimal group (p = 0.02, p = 0.036, and p = 0.01, respectively). Foxp3 mRNA levels were significantly higher in elderly patients experiencing successful acute T cell-mediated rejection reversal (p = 0.03). The presence of IL-17 mRNA was strongly associated with nonsuccessful reversal in elderly patients (p = 0.008). Patients with mRNA IL17 expression detection and low mRNA Foxp3 expression experienced significantly more treatment failure (87.5%) than patients with no mRNA IL17 expression and/or high mRNA Foxp3 expression (26.7%; p = 0.017). Our study suggests that the Th17 pathway is involved in pathogenesis and prognosis of acute T cell-mediated rejection in recipients of expanded criteria allograft.

MeSH terms: Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Allografts; Biomarkers; Biopsy; Donor Selection; Female; Forkhead Transcription Factors; Graft Rejection; Humans; Interleukin-17; Kidney Transplantation; Male; Middle Aged; Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction; Retrospective Studies; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Th17 Cells; Transplantation, Homologous
DOI: 10.1111/ajt.13304

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