Clinical Epidemiology and Ageing

Association between pre-diagnosis geriatric syndromes and overall survival in older adults with cancer (the INCAPAC study).

Galvin A, Amadéo B, Frasca M, Soubeyran P, Rondeau V, Delva F, Pérès K, Coureau G, Helmer C, Mathoulin-Pelissier S J Geriatr Oncol. 2023;14(6):101539.

INTRODUCTION: Several population-based studies have reported disparities in overall survival (OS) among older patients with cancer. However, geriatric syndromes, known to be associated with OS in the geriatric population, were rarely studied. Thus, our aim was to identify the determinants of OS among French older adults with cancer, including geriatric syndromes before cancer diagnosis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using cancer registries, we identified older subjects (≥65 years) with cancer in three French prospective cohort studies on aging from the Gironde department. Survival time was calculated from the date of diagnosis to the date of all-cause death or to the date of last follow-up, whichever came first. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, smoking status, self-rated health, cancer-related factors (stage at diagnosis, treatment), as well as geriatric syndromes (polypharmacy, activity limitation, depressive symptomatology, and cognitive impairment or dementia) were studied. Analyses were performed using Cox proportional hazard models for the whole population, then by age group (65-84 and 85+).

RESULTS: Among the 607 subjects included in the study, the median age at cancer diagnosis was 84 years. Smoking habits, activity limitations, cognitive impairment or dementia, advanced cancer stage and absence of treatment were significantly associated with lower OS in the analysis including the whole population. Women presented higher OS. Factors associated with OS differed by age group. Polypharmacy was inversely associated with OS in older adults aged 65-84 and 85 + .

DISCUSSION: Our findings support that geriatric assessment is needed to identify patients at higher risk of death and that an evaluation of activity limitation in older adults is essential. Improving early detection could enable interventions to address factors (activity limitations, cognitive impairment) associated with OS, potentially reducing disparities and lead to earlier palliative care.

MeSH terms: Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aging; Dementia; Female; Geriatric Assessment; Humans; Neoplasms; Prospective Studies; Syndrome
DOI: 10.1016/j.jgo.2023.101539