Clinical Epidemiology and Ageing

Brigatinib for Pretreated, ALK-Positive, Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancers: Long-Term Follow-Up and Focus on Post-Brigatinib Lorlatinib Efficacy in the Multicenter, Real-World BrigALK2 Study.

Descourt R, Perol M, Rousseau-Bussac G, Planchard D, Mennecier B, Wislez M, Cadranel J, Cortot ABenjamin, Guisier F, Galland L, Do P, Schott R, Dansin E, Arrondeau J, Auliac J-B, Geier M, Chouaid C Cancers (Basel). 2022;14(7).

Brigatinib is a next-generation ALK inhibitor (ALKi) that shows efficacy in ALK inhibitor naïve and post-crizotinib ALK+ advanced NSCLCs (aNSCLCs). The efficacy of brigatinib was retrospectively assessed in patients with aNSCLCs included in the brigatinib French Early-Access Program (1 August 2016−21 January 2019). The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed progression-free survival (invPFS) and the primary analysis was updated in 2021 with a longer follow-up, focused on post-brigatinib lorlatinib efficacy. Sixty-six centers included 183 patients: median age 60 ± 12.7 years; 78.3% never/former smokers; median of 3 ± 1 previous lines and 2 ± 0.5 ALKis; 37.1% ECOG PS 2 and 55.6% >3 metastatic sites. The median follow-up from brigatinib initiation was 40.4 months (95% CI 38.4−42.4). InvPFS was 7.4 months (95% CI 5.9−9.6), median duration of treatment (mDOT) was 7.3 months (95% CI 5.8−9.4) and median overall survival (mOS) was 20.3 months (95% CI 15.6−27.6). The median DOT and OS from brigatinib initiation tend to decrease with the number of ALK inhibitors used in previous lines of therapy. Based on the data collected, 92 (50.3%) patients received ≥1 agent(s) post-brigatinib and 68 (73.9%) of them received lorlatinib, with 51 (75%) immediately receiving it post-brigatinib, 12 (17.6%) receiving it after one and 5 (7.4%) after ≥2 subsequent treatments. The median follow-up was 29.9 (95% CI 25.7−33.1) months. Lorlatinib mDOT was 5.3 (95% CI 3.6−7.6) months with a median OS from lorlatinib initiation of 14.1 (95% CI 10.3−19.2) months. The results of the brigALK2 study confirm the efficacy of brigatinib in a population of heavily pretreated ALK+ aNSCLC patients and provide new data on the activity of lorlatinib after brigatinib.

DOI: 10.3390/cancers14071751