PURPOSE: FACE is a prospective cohort study designed to assess the effect of adding adaptive servoventilation (ASV) to standard care on morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) with preserved (HFpEF), mid-range (HFmrEF) or reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) who have sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) with an indication for ASV. We describe the study design, ongoing data collection and baseline participant characteristics.
PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients with HFpEF, HFmrEF or HFrEF plus SDB with central sleep apnoea (CSA) and indication for ASV were enrolled in the study cohort between November 2009 and December 2018; the ASV group includes those treated with ASV and the control group consists of patients who refused ASV or stopped treatment early. Follow-up is based on standard clinical practice, with visits at inclusion, after 3, 12 and 24 months of follow-up. Primary endpoint is the time to first event: all-cause death or unplanned hospitalisation (or unplanned prolongation of a planned hospitalisation) for worsening of HF, cardiovascular death or unplanned hospitalisation for worsening of HF, and all-cause death or all-cause unplanned hospitalisation.
FINDINGS TO DATE: 503 patients have been enrolled, mean age of 72 years, 88% male, 31% with HFrEF. HF was commonly of ischaemic origin, and the number of comorbidities was high. SDB was severe (median Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index 42/hour), and CSA was the main indication for ASV (69%). HF was highly symptomatic; most patients were in NYHA class II (38%) or III (29%).
FUTURE PLANS: Patient follow-up is ongoing. Given the heterogeneous nature of the enrolled population, a decision was made to use latent class analysis to define homogeneous patient subgroups, and then evaluate outcomes by cluster, and in the ASV and control groups (overall and within patient clusters). First analysis will be performed after 3 months, a second analysis at the 2-year follow-up.
TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01831128; Pre-results.