Clinical Epidemiology and Ageing

Does Very Poor Performance Status Systematically Preclude Single Agent Anti-PD-1 Immunotherapy? A Multicenter Study of 35 Consecutive Patients.

Gounant V, Duruisseaux M, Soussi G, Van Hulst S, Bylicki O, Cadranel J, Wislez M, Trédaniel J, Spano J-P, Helissey C, Chouaid C, Molinier O, Dhalluin X, Doucet L, Hureaux J, Cazes A, Zalcman G Cancers (Basel). 2021;13(5).

Anti-PD-1 antibodies prolong survival of performance status (PS) 0-1 advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) patients. Their efficacy in PS 3-4 patients is unknown. Conse- cutive PS 3-4 aNSCLC patients receiving compassionate nivolumab were accrued by 12 French thoracic oncology departments, over 24 months. Overall survival (OS) was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic variables were assessed using Cox proportional hazards models. Overall, 35 PS 3-4 aNSCLC patients (median age 65 years) received a median of 4 nivolumab infusions (interquartile range [IQR], 1-7) as first- ( = 6) or second-line ( = 29) therapy. At a median of 52-month follow-up (95%CI, 41-63), 32 (91%) patients had died. Median progression-free survival was 2.1 months (95%CI, 1.1-3.2). Median OS was 4.4 months (95%CI, 0.5-8.2). Overall, 20% of patients were alive at 1 year, and 14% at 2 years. Treatment-related adverse events occurred in 8/35 patients (23%), mostly of low-grade. After adjustment, brain metastases (HR = 5.2; 95%CI, 9-14.3, = 0.001) and <20 pack-years (HR = 4.8; 95%CI, 1.7-13.8, = 0.003) predicted worse survival. PS improvement from 3-4 to 0-1 ( = 9) led to a median 43-month (95%CI, 0-102) OS. Certain patients with very poor general condition could derive long-term benefit from nivolumab salvage therapy.

DOI: 10.3390/cancers13051040