Clinical Epidemiology and Ageing

Nationwide Real-Life Safety and Treatment Exposure Data on Durvalumab After Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy in Unresectable Stage III, Locally Advanced, Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: Analysis of Patients Enrolled in the French Early Access Program.

Avrillon V, Daniel C, Boisselier P, Le Péchoux C, Chouaid C Lung. 2022;200(1):95-105.

PURPOSE: Consolidation immunotherapy with the PD-L1 inhibitor durvalumab following concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT) has shown a significant survival improvement and is now a standard of care in patients with unresectable stage III or non-operable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

METHODS: In this early access program cohort, demographic, disease characteristics and safety data were collected for 576 patients from 188 centers, who received durvalumab 10 mg/kg intravenous infusion every 2 weeks, until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or for a maximum of 12 months following cCRT. Durvalumab exposure data were available for 402 patients.

RESULTS: Overall, 576 patients were included, 72.9% were men, median age 64.0 years, 52.3% had a stage IIIB disease. PD-L1 status captured in 445 (77%) patients was positive (48.1%), negative (32.6%), unknown (19.3%). At the end of cCRT, adverse events (AEs) all grade ≤ 2, were reported in 22.7% of patients, mainly esophagitis (6.3%). The main reasons of discontinuation were completion of the planned 12 months of consolidation treatment (42.1% patients), disease progression (28.6%) and adverse events (19.5%). Treatment completion was similar in PDL-1 positive and PDL-1 negative patients groups. 20.7% patients had a SAE drug reaction and 17.7% stopped treatment mainly due to SAE. ADR rate and early treatment discontinuation were higher in patients > 70 years old. Death due to AEs occurred in 7 patients, 2 had interstitial lung disease.

CONCLUSION: Safety data with durvalumab consolidation after cCRT in a large cohort of patients with stage III NSCLC are reported in this real-life cohort. Consistent data were reported both in the PD-L1 positive and PD-L1 negative NSCLC patients in daily practice.

MeSH terms: Aged; Antibodies, Monoclonal; Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung; Chemoradiotherapy; Humans; Lung Neoplasms; Male; Middle Aged
DOI: 10.1007/s00408-022-00511-8