BACKGROUND: We assesse the evolution and prognostic value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity troponin T (cTnT-HS) in transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CA) before and after tafamidis treatment.
METHODS AND RESULTS: 454 ATTR-CA patients without tafamidis (Cohort A) and 248 ATTR-CA with tafamidis (Cohort B) were enrolled. Event-free survival (EFS) events were death, heart transplant, or acute heart failure. In Cohort A, 27% of patients maintained NT-proBNP < 3000 ng/L and 14% cTnT-HS < 50 ng/L at 12 months relative to baseline levels. In Cohort B, the proportions were 49% and 29%, respectively. In Cohort A, among the 333 patients without an increased NT-proBNP > 50% relative to baseline EFS was extended compared to the 121 patients with an increased NT-proBNP > 50% (HR: 0.75 [0.57; 0.98]; = 0.032). In Cohort A, baseline NT-proBNP > 3000 ng/L and cTnT-HS > 50 ng/L and a relative increase of NT-proBNP > 50% during follow-up were independent prognostic factors of EFS. The slopes of logs NT-proBNP and cTnT-HS increased with time before and stabilized after tafamidis.
CONCLUSION: ATTR-CA patients with increasing NT-proBNP had an increased risk of EFS. Tafamidis stabilize NT-proBNP and cTnT-HS increasing, even if initial NT-proBNP levels were >3000 ng/L. Thus suggesting that all patients, irrespective of baseline NT-proBNP levels, may benefit from tafamidis.