OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the real-life use of a modified Gillmore algorithm with a "one-stop-shop" approach, bone scintigraphy (BS), a monoclonal gammopathy test (GT), a salivary gland biopsy (SGB), and genetic testing performed at the same time for the diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis at the French National Reference Centre for Cardiac Amyloidosis (Henri Mondor Hospital, Créteil, France).
METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included a total of 1222 patients with suspected amyloidosis who underwent BS and GT between June 2008 and May 2019.
RESULTS: Of 1222 patients, 349 had no cardiac uptake on BS and negative GT (BS-/GT-), 276 were BS-/GT positive (GT+), 420 patients were BS+/GT-, and 177 were BS+/GT+. Our one-stop-shop check-up enabled us to diagnose 892 (72.9%) patients; 330 (27.0%) patients required additional examinations, such as mass spectrometry and/or a cardiac biopsy. This subset notably included 112 patients with amyloid light chain amyloidosis. More than 64% of the patients with transthyretin amyloidosis or another type of amyloidosis were diagnosed during the one-stop shop visit. Sensitivity and specificity of BS for transthyretin amyloidosis diagnosis was 99% and 96%, respectively. For amyloid light chain diagnosis, sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 76%, respectively, for GT and 54% and 100%, respectively, for SGB. Of 910 transthyretin genetic tests, 205 (17%) detected mutations.
CONCLUSION: The results of our real-life cohort study confirmed the ability of a one-stop-shop approach with a modified Gillmore algorithm to diagnose cardiac amyloidosis and the interest of simultaneous testing for earlier diagnosis. The SGB has diagnostic value because it is easy, quick, and less invasive than a cardiac biopsy.