Clinical Epidemiology and Ageing

Serum Leptin Levels, Nutritional Status, and the Risk of Healthcare-Associated Infections in Hospitalized Older Adults.

Paillaud E, Poisson J, Granier C, Ginguay A, Plonquet A, Conti C, Broussier A, Raynaud-Simon A, Bastuji-Garin S Nutrients. 2022;14(1).

We aimed to determine whether serum leptin levels are predictive of the occurrence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in hospitalized older patients. In a prospective cohort, 232 patients had available data for leptin and were monitored for HAIs for 3 months. Admission data included comorbidities, invasive procedures, the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), BMI, leptin, albumin and C-reactive protein levels, and CD4 and CD8 T-cell counts. Multivariate logistic regression modelling was used to identify predictors of HAIs. Of the 232 patients (median age: 84.8; females: 72.4%), 89 (38.4%) experienced HAIs. The leptin level was associated with the BMI ( < 0.0001) and MNA ( < 0.0001) categories. Women who experienced HAIs had significantly lower leptin levels than those who did not (5.9 μg/L (2.6-17.7) and 11.8 (4.6-26.3), respectively; = 0.01; odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval): 0.67 (0.49-0.90)); no such association was observed for men. In a multivariate analysis of the women, a lower leptin level was significantly associated with HAIs (OR = 0.70 (0.49-0.97)), independently of comorbidities, invasive medical procedures, and immune status. However, leptin was not significantly associated with HAIs after adjustments for malnutrition ( = 0.26) or albuminemia ( = 0.15)-suggesting that in older women, the association between serum leptin levels and subsequent HAIs is mediated by nutritional status.

MeSH terms: Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Biomarkers; Cross Infection; Elder Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; Female; Geriatric Assessment; Hospitalization; Humans; Inpatients; Leptin; Male; Nutrition Assessment; Nutritional Status; Prospective Studies; Risk Assessment
DOI: 10.3390/nu14010226